Usually it is because you have worsening periodontal disease where gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected. Periodontitis occurs when bacterial toxins start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If left untreated, it may result in loss of supporting bone and, eventually, teeth. Clinical studies are now linking periodontal disease and the bacteria associated with oral health problems to serious conditions such as heart and cardiovascular disease, hardening of the arteries, obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis.
Patients with a history of periodontal disease need a deeper cleaning from a hygienist or a periodontist because they have formed periodontal pockets. With regular deep cleanings, the pockets can shrink and the gums can become healthier. Once the periodontal disease is brought under control, it is very important that you receive periodontal maintenance care on a regular basis to preserve the progress made.
Your dentist and hygienist may recommend treatment every three to four months, or even more often. Cleaning your mouth daily at home is a must, but it is often not enough to keep periodontal disease in check.
Professional cleanings are like insurance for your smile. The investment can save you thousands of dollars in the long run as smaller problems diagnosed along the way can prevent much bigger problems from occurring later on.